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Over 650 references on mimicry
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Last modified on 15 Feb 1999, at 18:38
Contains 652 references

1. Aiello A. 1984. Adelpha (Nymphalidae): deception on the wing. Psyche 91:1-45

2. Aiello A, Brown KS. 1988. Mimicry by illusion in a sexually dimorphic, day-flying moth, Dysschema jansonis (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae: Pericopinae). J. Res. Lepid. 26:173-76

3. Alatalo RV, Mappes J. 1996. Tracking the evolution of warning signals. Nature 382:708-10

4. Alcock J. 1969. Observational learning by fork-tailed flycatchers. Anim. Behav. 17:652-57

5. Alcock J. 1971. Interspecific differences in avian feeding behaviour and the evolution of Batesian mimicry. Behaviour 40:1-9

6. Aldrich JR, Blum MS. 1978. Aposematic aggregation of a bug (Hemiptera-Coreidae) - defensive display and formation of aggregations. Biotropica 10:58-61

7. Alexander RD. 1974. The evolution of social behaviour. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 5:325-83

8. Allen JA. 1972. Evidence for stabilizing and apostatic selection by wild blackbirds. Nature 237:348-49

9. Allen JA, Clarke B. 1968. Evidence for apostatic selection by wild passerines. Nature 220:501-2

10. Alonso-Mejía A, Marquez M. 1994. Dragonfly predation on butterflies in a tropical dry forest. Biotropica 26:341-44

11. Anon. 1892. [Henry Walter Bates]. Entomol. xxx:000-000

12. Anon. 1924. Henry Walter Bates: "Insecta". Rev. Illustr. Entomol. 13:145-56

13. Anonymous. 1972. Jumping for life. Nature 235:312

14. Anstett MC, Gibernau M, Hossaert-McKey M. 1998. Partial avoidance of female inflorescences of a dioecious fig by their mutualistic pollinating wasps. Proc. Roy. Entomol. Soc. Lond. B 265:45-50

15. Aplin RT, D'Arcy Ward R, Rothschild M. 1975. Examination of large and small white butterflies (Pieris spp) for presence of mustard oils and mustard oil glycosides. Entomol. 50:73-78

16. Arak A, Enquist M. 1993. Hidden preferences and the evolution of signals. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 340:207-14

17. Arak A, Enquist M. 1995. Conflict, receiver bias and the evolution of signal form. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 349:337-44

18. Araújo AM, Valente VLS. 1981. Observaçôes sobre alguns lepidópteros e drosofilídeos do Parque do Turvo, RS. Ciência e Cultura 33:1485-90

19. Arnqvist G, Byström P. 1991. Disruptive selection on prey group size: a case for parasitoids? Amer. Nat. 137:268-73

20. Atkinson WD, Warwick T. 1983. The role of selection in the colour polyonorphism of Littorina rudis Maton and Littorina arcana Hannaford - Ellis (Prosobranchia: Littorinidae). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 20:137-51

21. Baker RR. 1970. Bird predation as a selective pressure on the immature stages of the cabbage butterflies, Pieris rapae and P. brassicae. J. Zool. 162:43-59

22. Balsbaugh EU. 1988. Mimicry and the Chrysomelidae. In Biology of the Chrysomelidae, ed. P Jolivet, E Petitpierre, TH Hsiao:261-84. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers

23. Bantock CR, Harvey PH. 1974. Colour polymorphism and selective experiments. J. Biol. Educ. 8:323-29

24. Barnard CJ. 1979. Predation and the evolution of social mimicry in birds. Amer. Nat. 113:613-18

25. Barret JA. 1976. The maintenance of non-mimetic forms in a dimorphic Batesian mimic species. Evolution 30:82-85

26. Barrett JA. 1976. The maintenance of non-mimetic forms in dimorphic batesian mimic species. Evolution 30:82-85

27. Bates HW. 1862. Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley. Lepidoptera: Heliconidae. Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23:495-566

28. Bates HW. 1863. A Naturalist on the River Amazons. London: John Murray

29. Bates HW. 1879. [commentary on Müller's paper]. Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 1879:xxviii-ix

30. Baylis JR. 1979. Optical Signals and Interspecific Communication. In The Behavioral Significance of Color, ed. EHJ Burtt:361-77. New York and London: Garland STPM Press

31. Beccaloni GW. 1995. Studies on the ecology and evolution of Neotropical ithomiine butterflies (Nymphalidae: Ithomiinae). Ph.D. Thesis. Imperial College, London

32. Beccaloni GW. 1997. Ecology, natural history and behaviour of ithomiine butterflies and their mimics in Ecuador (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Ithomiinae). Trop. Lepid. 8:103-24

33. Beccaloni G. 1997. Vertical stratification of ithomiine butterfly (Nymphalidae: Ithomiinae) mimicry complexes: the relationship between adult flight height and larval host-plant height. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 62:313-41

34. Begossi A, Benson WW. 1988. Host plants and defense mechanisms in Oedionychina (Alticinae). In Biology of the Chrysomelidae, ed. P Jolivet, E Petitpierre, TH Hsiao:57-71. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers

35. Benson WW. 1972. Natural selection for Müllerian mimicry in Heliconius erato in Costa Rica. Science 176:936-39

36. Benson WW. 1977. On the supposed spectrum between Batesian and Müllerian mimicry. Evolution 31:454-55

37. Benson WW. 1982. Alternative models for infrageneric diversification in the humid tropics: tests with passion vine butterflies. In Biological Diversification in the Tropics, ed. GT Prance:608-40. New York, NY: Columbia Univ. Press

38. Blaisdell M. 1982. Natural theology and Nature's disguises. J. Hist. Biol. 15:163-89

39. Blest AD. 1957. The evolution of protective displays in the Saturnioidea and Sphingidae (Lepidoptera). Behaviour 11:257-309

40. Blest AD. 1957. The function of eyespot patterns in the Lepidoptera. Behaviour 11:209-56

41. Blest AD. 1959. A study of the biology of saturniid moths in the Canal Zone biological area. Annual Report Smithsonian Institution 1959:447-64

42. Blest AD. 1963. Longevity, palatability and natural selection in five species of New World Satumiid moth. Nature 197:1183-86

43. Blest AD. 1963. Relations between moths and predators. Nature 197:1046-47

44. Blest AD. 1964. Protective display and sound production in some new world Arctiid and Ctenuchid moths. Zoologica, N.Y. 49:161-81

45. Blest AD. *. A study of the biology of Saturnid moths in the Canal Zone Bilogical Area.

46. Blest AD, Collett TS, Pye JD. 1963. The generation of ultrasonic signals by a New World Arctiid moth. Proc. Roy. Entomol. Soc. Lond. B 158:196-207

47. Borg-Karlson AK, Tengö J. 1986. Odor mimetism? Key substances in Ophrys lutea-Andrena pollination relationship (Orchidaceae: Andrenidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 12:1927-41

48. Bowers DM, Larin Z. 1989. Acquired chemical defense in the lycaenid butterfly, Eumaeus atala. J. Chem. Ecol. 15:1133-46

49. Bowers MD. 1980. Unpalatability as a defense strategy of Euphydryas phaeton (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Evolution 34:586-600

50. Bowers MD. 1983. Mimicry in North American checkerspot butterflies Euphydryas phaeton and Chlosyne harrisii (Nymphalidae). Ecol. Entomol. 8:1-8

51. Bowers MD. 1993. Aposematic caterpillars: life-styles of the warningly colored and unpalatable. In Caterpillars. Ecological and Evolutionary Constraints on Foraging, ed. NE Stamp, TM Casey:331-71. New York: Chapman and Hall

52. Bowers MD, Crabtree RC, Harrison SP, Sobrevilla C, Wells M, Wolfe LM. 1987. Predation on adults of Anartia fatima (Fab). J. Lepid. Soc. 41:75-76

53. Bowers MD, Wiernasz DC. 1979. Avian predation on the palatable butterfly, Cercyonis pegala (Satyridae). Ecol. Entomol. 4:205-9

54. Bowers MD, Williams EH. 1995. Variable chemical defence in the checkerspot butterfly Euphydryas gillettii (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae. Ecol. Entomol. 20:208-12

55. Boyden TC. 1976. Butterfly palatability and mimicry: experiments with Ameiva lizards. Evolution 30:73-81

56. Boyden TC. 1976. Butterfly palatabilty and mimicry: experiments with Ameiva lizards. Evolution 30:73-81

57. Brakefield PM. 1984. The ecological genetics of quantitative characters of Maniola jurtina and other butterflies. In The Biology of Butterflies, ed. RI Vane-Wright, PR Ackery:167-90. 11 in Symposia of the Royal Entomological Society of London. London: Academic Press

58. Brakefield PM. 1985. Polymorphic Müllerian mimicry and interactions with thermal melanism in ladybirds and a soldier beetle a hypothesis. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 26:243-67

59. Brakefield PM, French V. 1993. Butterfly wing patterns - developmental mechanisms and evolutionary change. Acta Biotheoret. 41:447-68

60. Brakefield PM, Gates J, Keys D, Kesbeke F, Wijngaarden PJ, Monteiro A, French V, Carroll SB. 1996. Development, plasticity and evolution of butterfly eyespot patterns. Nature 384:236-42

61. Brakefield PM, Larsen TB. 1984. The evolutionary significance of dry and wet season forms in some tropical butterflies. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 22:1-12

62. Brakefield PM, Liebert TG. 1985. Studies of colour polymorphism in some marginal populations of the aposematic jerseytiger moth Callimorpha quadripunctaria. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 26:225-41

63. Brandon RA, Labanick GM, Huheey JE. 1979. Relative palatability, defenseve begavior, and mimetic relationships of red salamanders (Pseudotriton ruber), mud salamanders (Pseudotriton montanus), and red ofts (Notophthalmus viridescens). Herpetologica 35:289-303

64. Brockmann HJ, Hailman JP. 1976. Fish cleaning symbiosis: notes on juvenile angelfishes (Pomacanthus, Chaetondontidae) and comparisons with other species. Z. Tierpsychol. 42:129-38

65. Brodie ED, Janzen FJ. 1995. Experimental studies of coral snake mimicry -- generalized avoidance of ringed snake patterns by free-ranging predators. Funct. Ecol. 9:186-90

66. Brooke M de L. 1988. Egg mimicry by cuckoo Cuculus canorum in relation to discrimination by hosts. Nature 335:630-32

67. Brower AVZ. 1994. Rapid morphological radiation and convergence among races of the butterfly Heliconius erato inferred from patterns of mitochondrial DNA evolution. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA 91:6491-95

68. Brower AVZ. 1995. Locomotor mimicry in butterflies? A critical review of the evidence. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 347:413-25

69. Brower AVZ. 1996. Parallel race formation and the evolution of mimicry in Heliconius butterflies: a phylogenetic hypothesis from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Evolution 50:195-221

70. Brower JVZ. 1958. Experimental studies of mimicry. IV. The reaction of starlings to different proportions of models and mimics. Amer. Nat. 94:271-72

71. Brower JVZ. 1960. Experimental studies of mimicry IV. The reaction of starlings to different proportions of models and mimics. Amer. Nat. 94:271-82

72. Brower LP. 1969. Ecological chemistry. Sci. Amer. 220:2-9

73. Brower LP. 1969. Ecological chemistry. Sci. Amer. 220:22-29

74. Brower LP. 1984. Chemical defence in butterflies. In The Biology of Butterflies, ed. RI Vane-Wright, PR Ackery:109-34. 11 in Symposia of the Royal Entomological Society of London. London: Academic Press

75. Brower LP, ed. 1988. Evolution of Mimicry. 131 in American Naturalist. Supplement.

76. Brower LP, Alcock J, Brower JVZ. 1971. Avian feeding behaviour and the selective advantage of incipient mimicry. In Ecological Genetics and Evolution, ed. R Creed:261-74. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific

77. Brower LP, Brower JVZ. 1962. The relative abundance of model and mimic butterflies in natural populations of the Battus philenor complex. Ecology 43:154-58

78. Brower LP, Brower JVZ. 1964. Birds, butterflies and plant poisons: a study in ecological chemistry. Zoologica, N.Y. 49:137-59

79. Brower LP, Brower JVZ, Collins CT. 1963. Experimental studies of mimicry. 7. Relative palatability and Müllerian mimicry among Neotropical butterflies of the subfamily Heliconiinae. Zoologica, N.Y. 48:65-84

80. Brower LP, Brower JVZ, Stiles FG, Croze HJ, Hower AS. 1964. Mimicry: differential advantage of color patterns in the natural environment. Science 144:183-85

81. Brower LP, Cook LM, Croze HJ. 1967. Predator responses to artificial Batesian mimics released in a Neotropical environment. Evolution 21:11-23

82. Brower LP, Edmunds M, Moffitt CM. 1975. Cardenolide content and palatability in a population of Danaus chrysippus butterflies from West Africa. J. Entomol. (A) 49:183-96

83. Brower LP, Glazier SC. 1975. Localization of heart poisons in the monarch butterfly. Science 188:19-25

84. Brower LP, Pough FH, Meck HR. 1970. Theoretical investigations of automimicry. I. Single trial learning. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA 66:1059-66

85. Brower LP, Ryerson WN, Coppinger LI, Glazier SC. 1968. Ecological chemistry and the palatability spectrum. Science 161:1342-81

86. Brown KS. 1977. Centros de evoluçâo, refúgios quaternários e conservaçâo de patrimônios genéticos na regiâo neotropical: padrôes de diferenciaçâo em Ithomiinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Acta Amaz. 7:75-137

87. Brown KS. 1977. Geographical patterns of evolution in Neotropical forest Lepidoptera (Nymphalidae: Ithomiinae and Nymphalidae-Heliconiini). In Biogeographie et Evolution en Amérique Tropicale, ed. H Descimon:118-60. 9 in Publications du Laboratoire de Zoologie de L'ecole Normale Superieure. Paris

88. Brown KS. 1980. A review of the genus Hypothyris Hübner (Nymphalidae), with descriptions of three new subspecies and early stages of H. daphnis. J. Lepid. Soc. 34:152-72

89. Brown KS. 1982. Historical and ecological factors in the biogeography of aposematic Neotropical butterflies. Amer. Zoologist 22:453-71

90. Brown KS. 1984. Adult-obtained pyrrolizidine alkaloids defend ithomiine butterflies against a spider predator. Nature 309:707-9

91. Brown KS. 1984. Chemical ecology of dehydropyrrolizidine alkaloids in adult Ithomiinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Rev. Brasil. Biol. 44:435-60

92. Brown KS. 1988. Mimicry, aposematism and crypsis in neotropical Lepidoptera: the importance of dual signals. Bull. Soc. Zool. France 113:83-101

93. Brown KS, Benson WW. 1974. Adaptive polymorphism associated with multiple Müllerian mimicry in Heliconius numata (Lepid.: Nymph.). Biotropica 6:205-28

94. Brown KS, Francini RB. 1990. Evolutionary strategies of chemical defense in aposematic butterflies: cyanogenesis in Asteraceae-feeding American Acraeinae. Chemoecology 1:52-56

95. Brown KS, Trigo JR. 1995. Multi-level complexity in the use of plant allelochemicals by aposematic insects. Chemoecology 5/6:119-26

96. Brown KS, Trigo JR, Francini RB, Barros de Morais AB, Motta PC. 1991. Aposematic insects on toxic host plants: coevolution, colonization, and chemical emancipation. In Plant-Animal Interactions: Evolutionary Ecology in Tropical and Temperate Regions, ed. PW Price, TM Lewinsohn, GW Fernandes, WW Benson:375-402. New York: John Wiley

97. Brown KS, Vasconcellos-Neto J. 1976. Predation on aposematic ithomiine butterflies by tanagers (Pipraeida melanonota). Biotropica 8:136-41

98. Bullini L, Sbordoni V. 1970. Evoluzione del mimetismo in Zygaena ephialtes (L.) (Lepidoptera, Zygaenidae). Atti Ass. Genet. Ital. 15:207-9

99. Bullini L, Sbordoni V, Ragazzini P. 1969. Mimetismo mülleriano in popolazione italiane di Zygaena ephialtes (L.) (Lepidoptera, Zygaenidae). Arch. Zool. Ital. 44:181-214

100. Burd M. 1989. Butterfly wing color pattern, background complexity and flight stratification in the Barro Colorado Island forest. Rep. STRI Short-term Fellowship :8 pp

101. Burd M. 1994. Butterfly wing colour patterns and flying heights in the seasonally wet forest of Barro Colorado Island, Panama. J. Trop. Ecol. 10:601-10

102. Burns JM. 1966. Preferential mating versus mimicry. Science 153:551-53

103. Burns JM. 1983. Queen of the Carolinas (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Danainae: Danaus gilippus). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Washington 85:388-96

104. Butlin R. 1993. The evolution of defensive signalling. Ciba Foundation Bulletin 34:18-19

105. Cade WH. 1981. Field cricket spacing, and the phonotaxis of crickets and parasitoid flies to clumped and isolated songs. Z. Tierpsychol. 55:365-75

106. Calvert WH, Hedrick LE, Brower LP. 1979. Mortality of the monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus L.): avian predation at five overwintering sites in Mexico. Science 204:847-51

107. Campanhola C, Plapp FWJ. 1988. Tobacco budworm resistance to pyrethroids: resistance spectra, synergists, and substitute insecticides. Proc. Beltwide Cotton Prod. Research Conf. 1988:349-52

108. Canyon DV, Hill CJ. 1997. Mistletoe host-resemblance: a study of herbivory, nitrogen and moisture in two Australian mistletoes and their host trees. Austral. J. Ecol 22:395-403

109. Carpenter GDH. 1921. Experiments on the relative edibility of insects, with special reference to their coloration. Trans. Roy. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 54:1-105

110. Carpenter GDH. 1933. Gregarious roosting habits of aposematic butterflies. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 8:110-11

111. Carpenter GDH. 1938. Audible emission of defensive froth by insects with an appendix on the anatomical structures concerned in a moth by H. Eltringham. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 108:243-52

112. Carpenter GDH. 1939. Birds as enemies of butterflies, with special reference to mimicry. Proc. VII Int. Kongr. Entomol., Berlin 1938:1061-74

113. Carpenter GDH. 1941. The relative frequency of beakmarks on butterflies of different edibility to birds. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. (Series A) 3:223-31

114. Carpenter GDH. 1949. Pseudacraea eurytus (L.) (Lep. Nymphalidae): a study of a polymorphic mimic in various degrees of speciation. Trans. Roy. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 100:71-133

115. Carpenter GDH, Ford EB. 1933. Mimicry. London: Methuen

116. Carrick R. 1936. Experiments to test the efficiency of protective adaptations in insects. Trans. Roy. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 85:131-40

117. Chai P. 1986. Field observations and feeding experiments on the responses of rufous-tailed jacamars (Galbula ruficauda) to free-flying butterflies in a tropical rainforest. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 29:166-89

118. Chai P. 1988. Wing coloration of free-flying Neotropical butterflies as a signal learned by a specialized avian predator. Biotropica 20:20-30

119. Chai P. 1990. Relationships between visual characteristics of rainforest butterflies and responses of a specialized insectivorous bird. In Adaptive Coloration in Invertebrates, ed. M Wicksten:31-60. Proceedings of a Symposium Sponsored by the American Society of Zoologists. College Station, Tx.: Texas A&M University Sea Grant College Program

120. Chai P. 1996. Butterfly visual characteristics and ontogeny of responses to butterflies by a specialized bird. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 59:37-67

121. Chai P, Srygley RB. 1990. Predation and the flight, morphology, and temperature of neotropical rain-forest butterflies. Amer. Nat. 135:748-65

122. Charlesworth B. 1994. The genetics of adaptation: lessons from mimicry. Amer. Nat. 144:839-47

123. Charlesworth D, Charlesworth B. 1975. Theoretical genetics of Batesian mimicry I. Single-locus models. J. Theoret. Biol. 55:283-303

124. Charlesworth D, Charlesworth B. 1975. Theoretical genetics of Batesian mimicry. II. Evolution of supergenes. J. Theoret. Biol. 55:305-24

125. Charlesworth D, Charlesworth B. 1975. Theoretical genetics of Batesian mimicry III. Evolution of dominance. J. Theoret. Biol. 55:325-37

126. Clarke B. 1962. Balanced polymorphism and the diversity of sympatric species. In Taxonomy and Geography, ed. D Nichols:47-70. 4 in Systematics Association Publication. Oxford: Systematics Association

127. Clarke CA. 1954. Pupal coloration in Papilio machaon Linn. Proc. South Lond. Ent. Nat. Hist. Soc. 1952-53:100-103

128. Clarke CA. 1967. Prevention of Rh-haemolytic disease. Brit. Med. J. 4:7-12

129. Clarke C. 1980. Papilio nandina, a probable hybrid between Papilio dardanus and Papilio phorcas. Syst. Entomol. 5:49-57

130. Clarke CA, Clarke FMM, Collins SC, Gill ACL, Turner JRG. 1985. Male-like females, mimicry and transvestism in butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Syst. Entomol. 10:257-83

131. Clarke CA, Clarke FMM, Gill ACL. 1987. Race crosses between two Kenyan mimetic forms of Papilio dardanus Brown 1776 and the non mimetic dardanus humbloti Obth. 1888 from the Comoros. Papilio Int. 3:199-201

132. Clarke CA, Clarke FMM, Gordon IJ. 1995. Mimicry and other controversial topics in East African Lepidoptera. J. East Afr. Nat. Hist. 84:3-18

133. Clarke CA, Clarke FMM, Gordon IJ, Marsh NA. 1989. Rule-breaking mimics: palatability of the butterflies Hypolimnas bolina and Hypolimnas misippus, a sister species pair. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 37:359-65

134. Clarke CA, Clarke FMM, Sheppard PM. 1968. Mimicry and Papilio memnon. Some breeding results from England. Malay Nat. J 21:201-19

135. Clarke CA, Knudsen JP. 1953. A hybrid swallowtail. Entomol. Rec. 65:76-80

136. Clarke CA, Mittwoch U, Traut W. 1977. Linkage and cytogenetic studies in the swallowtail butterflies Papilio polyxenes Fab. and Papilio machaon L. and their hybrids. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 198:385-99

137. Clarke CA, Sheppard PM. 1956. A further report on the genetics of the machaon group of swallowtail butterflies. Evolution 10:66-73

138. Clarke CA, Sheppard PM. 1957? The genetics of some mimetic forms of Papilio dardanus, Brown, and Papilio glaucus, Linn. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B xx?:236-59

139. Clarke CA, Sheppard PM. 1959. The genetics of Papilio dardanus, Brown. I. Race cenea from South Africa. Genetics 44:1347-58

140. Clarke CA, Sheppard PM. 1960. The evolution of mimicry in the butterfly Papilio dardanus. Heredity 14:163-73

141. Clarke CA, Sheppard PM. 1960. The genetics of Papilio dardanus, Brown. II. Races dardanus, polytrophus, meseres, and tibullus. Genetics 45:439-57

142. Clarke CA, Sheppard PM. 1960. The genetics of Papilio dardanus, Brown. III. Race antinorii from Abyssinia and race meriones from Madagascar. Genetics 45:683-98

143. Clarke CA, Sheppard PM. 1962. Disruptive selection and its effect on a metrical character in the butterfly Papilio dardanus. Evolution 16:214-26

144. Clarke CA, Sheppard PM. 1962. The genetics of Papilio dardanus, Brown. IV. Data on race ochracea, race flavicornis, and further information on races polytrophus and dardanus. Genetics 47:909-20

145. Clarke CA, Sheppard PM. 1962. The genetics of the mimetic butterfly Papilio glaucus. Ecology 43:159-61

146. Clarke CA, Sheppard PM. 1963. Interactions between major genes and polygenes in the determination of the mimetic patterns of Papilio dardanus. Evolution 17:404-13

147. Clarke CA, Sheppard PM. 1971. Further studies on the genetics of the mimetic butterfly Papilio memnon. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 263:35-70

148. Clarke CA, Sheppard PM. 1972. Genetic and environmental factors influencing pupal colour in the swallowtail butterflies Battus philenor (L.) and Papilio polytes L. J. Entomol. (A) 46:123-33

149. Clarke CA, Sheppard PM. 1972. The genetics of the mimetic butterfly Papilio polytes. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 263:431-58

150. Clarke CA, Sheppard PM. 1973. The genetics of four new forms of the mimetic butterfly Papilio memnon L. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 184:1-14

151. Clarke CA, Sheppard PM. 1975. (Exhibits of hybrid Papilio specimens). Proc. Roy. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 39:39

152. Clarke CA, Sheppard PM. 1975. The genetics of the mimetic butterfly Hypolimnas bolina (L.). Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 272:229-65

153. Clarke CA, Sheppard PM. 1977. Data suggesting absence of linkage between two loci in the mimetic butterfly Hypolimnas bolina (Nymphalidae). J. Lepid. Soc. 31:139-43

154. Clarke CA, Sheppard PM. 1977. A new tailed female form of Papilio memnon L. and its probable genetic control. Syst. Entomol. 2:17-19

155. Clarke CA, Sheppard PM, Mittwoch U. 1976. Heterochromatin polymorphism and colour pattern in the tiger swallowtail butterfly Papilio glaucus L. Nature 263:585-87

156. Clarke CA, Sheppard PM, Thornton IWB. 1968. The genetics of the mimetic butterfly Papilio memnon. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 254:37-89

157. Clarke FMM. 1978. Papilio memnon: a tailed "butlerianus" in the Malay Peninsula. Malay Nat. J 30:551-53

158. Codella SG, Lederhouse RC. 1990. The effect of wing orientation on aposematic signalling in the pipevine swallowtail butterfly, Battus philenor. Anim. Behav. 40:404-6

159. Cody ML. 1969. Convergent characteristics in sympatric populations: a possible relation to interspecific competition and aggression. Condor 71:222-39

160. Cook LM. 1969. An experiment on selection for mimicry. Entomol. :107-13

161. Cook LM, Brower LP, Alcock J. 1969. An attempt to verify mimetic advantage in a neotropical environment. Evolution 23:339-45

162. Cook SE, Vernon JG, Bateson M, Guilford T. 1994. Mate choice in the polymorphic African swallowtail butterfly, Papilio dardanus: male-like females may avoid sexual harassment. Anim. Behav. 47:389-97

163. Coppinger RP. 1969. The effect of experience and novelty on avian feeding behaviour with reference to the evolution of warning coloration in butterflies. Part I: Reactions of wild caught adult blue jays to novel insects. Behaviour 35:45-60

164. Coppinger RP. 1970. The effect of experience and novelty on avian feeding behaviour with reference to the evolution of warning coloration in butterflies. II. Reactions of naïve birds to novel insects. Amer. Nat. 104:323-34

165. Cott HB. 1940. Adaptive Coloration in Animals. London: Methuen & Co. Ltd

166. Cott HB. 1947. The edibility of birds: illustrated by five years' experiments and observations (1941-1946) on the food preferences of the hornet, cat and man: and considered with special reference to the thcories of adaptive coloration. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 116:371-524

167. Courtney SP. 1984. The evolution of egg clustering by butterflies and other insects. Amer. Nat. 123:276-81

168. Coyne JA. 1998. Not black and white. Review of "Melanism: Evolution in Action" by Michael E.N. Majerus. Nature 396:35-36

169. Curio E. 1976. The Ethology of Predation. Berlin: Springer Verlag

170. Darwin C. 1863. A review of H.W. Bates' paper on "mimetic butterflies.". In The Collected Papers of Charles Darwin, ed. PH Barrett, 2:87-92. Chicago: University of Chicago Press (1977)

171. Davies NB, Brooke M. 1991. Coevolution of the cuckoo and its host. Sci. Amer. 1991:66-73

172. Davies NB, Kilner RM, Noble DG. 1998. Nestling cuckoos, Cuculus canorus, exploit hosts with begging calls that mimic a brood. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 265:673-78

173. Descimon H. 1965. Quelques comportements protecteurs des Lépidoptères. Alexanor 4:61-66

174. DeVries PJ, Lande R. 1999. Associations of co-mimetic ithomiine butterflies on small spatial and temporal scales in a neotropical rainforest. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. xx:000-000

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